Many of the more popular countries in Europe are divided into regions. Germany is instead divided into 16 states or Bundesländer. Two of the states you see on the map are what might be known as city-states. They are Berlin and Hamburg. Bremen and Bremerhaven combine to become a third city-state. The rest are Flächenländer or area states.
The largest state is well known to tourists. The Free State of Bavaria (Freistaat Bayern) is a popular tourist destination.
It's size makes up almost a fifth of the total land mass of Germany. The capital is Germany's third largest city and popular tourist destination Munich. Get out of the city to see Ludwig's romantic castle Neuschwanstein.
Wealth? The state of Baden Wurttemberg is Germany's wealthiest states and is home to the largest German company Daimler Chrysler.
Germany borders 9 countries, all easy to get to by rail: Austria, France, Switzerland, Denmark, Belgium, Luxemburg, Holland, Czech Republic, and Poland. Germany has coastline on the North Sea and the Baltic.
"Discover one federal state of your choice and spontaneously take a regional trains for one entire day – the regional day tickets of Deutsche Bahn make it possible. You can travel on all regional trains (S-Bahn, Regionalbahn, Regional-Express) and use the city transport system freely for one day - with up to five persons in total."
List of German States
- Hesse (Hessen)
- Lower Saxony (Niedersachsen)
- North Rhine - Westphalia (Nordrhein-Westfalen)
- Rhineland - Palatinate (Rheinland-Pfalz)
- Saxony (Sachsen)
- Saxony - Anhalt (Sachsen-Anhalt)
- Thuringia (Thueringen)
Population of Major Cities in Germany
Historic Climate and Weather
Germany is visited year around. Unlike the Mediterranean countries which see little rain in summer, the temperate climate of Germany produces warm summers and cold winters. Much of the rain comes in the summer in most places; only the southwest sees a bit of Mediterranean climate-and this is where the vines thrive.
Winter is actually a bit of high season in Germany, due to the popularity of Christmas markets and the necessity of providing tourist access to them in any weather.
Cities like Berlin are visited all year. The city gets about 33 inches of precipitation, about a quarter of it snow.
German States: Tourist Popularity